FAQs

How Do I Cite A Book In APA/MLA Format?

Citing a book in APA or MLA format may seem like a daunting task, but fear not, we’ve got you covered! In this article, we’ll provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to properly cite a book using these widely used citation styles. Whether you’re a student trying to ace your research paper or a writer looking to give credit where it’s due, this article will be your trusty companion, ensuring your citations are accurate and in line with the guidelines. So let’s dive right in and demystify the world of book citations!

APA Format

In-text citation

In APA format, we use in-text citations to acknowledge the sources of our information within the body of our written work. The basic structure of an in-text citation includes the author’s last name and the year of publication, enclosed in parentheses. For example, (Smith, 2018). If the author’s last name is included in the sentence, then only the year of publication needs to be in parentheses, like this: Smith (2018). In cases where the source has multiple authors, it is important to list all the authors’ last names, separated by commas, in the same parentheses (Smith, Johnson, & Adams, 2020).

Reference list citation

In APA format, a reference list is included at the end of the paper to provide complete bibliographic information about the sources cited in the text. The reference list is arranged alphabetically by the authors’ last names. For a book citation, the general format in APA style includes the following information:

  • Author’s last name, followed by their initials.
  • Year of publication, enclosed in parentheses.
  • Title of the book, italicized and capitalized.
  • Place of publication.
  • Publisher.

Here’s an example of how a book reference citation would look like in APA format:

Smith, J. (2018). The Art of Writing. New York, NY: ABC Publishing.

One author

When citing a book written by a single author, the in-text citation should include the author’s last name and the year of publication within parentheses. The reference list citation format remains the same, with the author’s last name, initials, title of the book, place of publication, and the publisher.

Multiple authors

When a book has multiple authors, all the authors’ last names are included in the in-text citation, separated by commas and an ampersand (&) before the final author’s name. In the reference list citation, the format follows the same pattern as a book with one author, but includes all the authors’ last names and initials.

Corporate author

If the author of a book is a corporate entity, such as an organization or a government agency, the in-text citation includes the full name of the corporate author. In the reference list citation, the corporate author’s name is listed first, followed by a period. Then, the year is included in parentheses, followed by the title of the book.

No author

If a book does not have a specific author, the in-text citation should use the title of the book followed by the year of publication. If the title is long, it can be shortened in the in-text citation. In the reference list citation, the title of the book is used in the author’s position, followed by the year of publication.

Edition other than the first

When citing a book that is not the first edition, the edition number is included in the reference list citation after the book title, in parentheses, followed by a period.

Translated works

When citing a translated book, the translator’s name is included in the reference list citation after the title of the book, following the same format as the author’s name.

Specific parts of a book

Sometimes, we may need to cite a specific part of a book, such as a chapter or a page range. In such cases, the chapter title or page numbers are included in the in-text citation, along with the author’s last name and year of publication. In the reference list citation, the specific part is mentioned after the book title.

E-books

For e-books, the format for in-text citations remains the same as for printed books. In the reference list citation, the format includes the same elements as a printed book, but also includes the URL or DOI (Digital Object Identifier) of the e-book at the end.

How Do I Cite A Book In APA/MLA Format?

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MLA Format

In-text citation

In MLA format, we use in-text citations to acknowledge the sources of our information within the body of our written work. The basic structure of an in-text citation includes the author’s last name and the page number of the source material, separated by a space. For example, (Smith 25). If the author’s last name is included in the sentence, then only the page number needs to be in parentheses, like this: Smith (25). In cases where the source has multiple authors, the last name of the first author is listed, followed by “et al.” (Smith et al. 30).

Works Cited page citation

In MLA format, the Works Cited page is included at the end of the paper to provide complete bibliographic information about the sources cited in the text. The Works Cited page is arranged alphabetically by the authors’ last names. For a book citation, the general format in MLA style includes the following information:

  • Author’s last name, followed by their first name.
  • Title of the book, italicized and capitalized.
  • Place of publication.
  • Publisher.
  • Year of publication.

Here’s an example of how a book citation would look like in MLA format:

Smith, John. The Art of Writing. New York, ABC Publishing, 2018.

One author

When citing a book written by a single author, the in-text citation should include the author’s last name and the page number within parentheses. The Works Cited page citation format remains the same, with the author’s last name, first name, title of the book, place of publication, publisher, and year of publication.

Multiple authors

When a book has multiple authors, the last name of the first author is listed in the in-text citation, followed by “et al.” In the Works Cited page citation, the format follows the same pattern as a book with one author, but includes the last names and first names of all the authors.

Corporate author

If the author of a book is a corporate entity, such as an organization or a government agency, the in-text citation includes the full name of the corporate author. In the Works Cited page citation, the corporate author’s name is listed first, followed by a period. Then, the title of the book, place of publication, publisher, and year are included.

No author

If a book does not have a specific author, the in-text citation should use the title of the book, shortened if necessary. In the Works Cited page citation, the title of the book is used in the author’s position, followed by the rest of the publication information.

Edition other than the first

When citing a book that is not the first edition, the edition number is included in the Works Cited page citation after the title of the book, followed by a comma and the publication year.

Translated works

When citing a translated book, the translator’s name is included after the title of the book in the Works Cited page citation, following the same format as the author’s name.

Specific parts of a book

To cite a specific part of a book, such as a chapter or a page range, the specific part is mentioned in the Works Cited page citation after the title of the book.

E-books

For e-books, the format for in-text citations remains the same as for printed books. In the Works Cited page citation, the format includes the same elements as a printed book, but also includes the URL or DOI (Digital Object Identifier) of the e-book at the end.

How Do I Cite A Book In APA/MLA Format?

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